Within the UNFCCC, countries must ensure that REDD+ activities, regardless of the source and type of funding, are implemented in a manner consistent with the safeguards adopted at the 16th Conference of the Parties in Cancun. Developing-country Parties are to provide information on how they have “addressed” and “respected” the seven UNFCCC REDD+ safeguards throughout the implementation of their REDD+ activities. Below we outline ‘what type’ of information will be provided by Pakistan to demonstrate whether the UNFCCC REDD+ safeguards (or country specific safeguards) are being addressed and respected.

Safeguard A

Types of information to be provided for Safeguard A

Qualitative
a. Description of how the implementation of the REDD+ strategy ensured consistency with the objectives of
national forest  programmes.
b. Description of how the implementation of the REDD+ strategy is consistent with the objectives of the
various international   agreements to which Pakistan is a Party

Safeguard B

Types of information to be provided for Safeguard B

Qualitative

a. Description of information sharing/dissemination activities undertaken, including requests for access to information and how these were dealt with

b. Records of requests for information made by the public (including description of information requested)

c. Description of improvements in the legal framework and processes concerning access to information

d. Records of any REDD+ related denunciation of public officials for corruption, any corruption related investigations and/or prosecutions by the mandated agencies as well as their outcomes

e. Description of how REDD+ finance (readiness, implementation and results) has been spent

f. Description of transparency of procurement processes (outcomes)

g. Description of REDD+ related grievances received, process followed to adjudicate and outcomes

h. Measures taken for equitable sharing of benefits, gender equity and dealing with social discrepancies

i. Description/evidence of how existing land use rights have been recognized and protected during the implementation of REDD+

j. If applicable, description of any resettlement process (including procedures followed and compensation provided) for each REDD+ intervention area.

Quantative

a) Number of requests for information received and number dealt with (percentage rejected and granted)

b) Number of meaningful involvement of women in design/implementation of REDD+ PAMs and number of women benefited

c) Evidence of how REDD+ finance (readiness, implementation and results) has been spent (internal and external annual audits, projected budgets, audited spending reports)

d) Number of applications received against implementing authorities (number accepted, number dealt with, and number of REDD+ related grievances received, resolved, number of appeals)

e) Number of customary rights holders in the area before and after REDD+ interventions

f) Number of resettlements (if and as applicable) g) Amount of compensation awarded (if and as applicable)

Safeguard C

Types of information to be provided for Safeguard C

Qualitative

a. Description of how Indigenous (when applicable) and Tribal Populations were included in the design and implementation of the REDD+ Strategy

b. Evidence that indigenous (when applicable), tribal and vulnerable local communities were not excluded from the benefits of REDD+ or are not left worse off.

c. If applicable, description of how (if at all) traditional knowledge has been used/has contributed to REDD+ implementation.

Quantative

a) If applicable, number of sources of sacred knowledge/practices in REDD+ intervention areas (before and after implementation)

Safeguard D

Types of information to be provided for Safeguard D

Qualitative
a. Description of the general categories of stakeholders involved in the development and implementation of the REDD+ Strategy (documentation and mapping of stakeholders) and how they were involved (information shared, feedback gathered, in what format was it gathered)

b. Description of the outcomes of the participation processes (for example how the implementation changed/was influenced by considering the views of the relevant stakeholders)

c. Description of any conflicts linked to participation (or perceived exclusion from) and outcomes

d. Strategy for designing, implementing and monitoring of participation activities (culturally appropriate information produced, capacity building, specific meetings organised for vulnerable groups)

e. PLRs for protection and promotion of participation rights

f. If applicable, description of how Free Prior Informed Consent (FPIC) processes were followed in intervention areas that include Indigenous Peoples, on customary land

g. If applicable, description of outcomes of these processes (FPIC granted/witheld) and whether they affected the implementation of REDD+ (interventions cancelled where FPIC witheld)

Quantative
a) Number of meetings held, number of participants (organised according to categories of participant)

b) Number of views gathered (feedback forms, interviews, votes, minutes recorded and disseminated)

c) Number of complaints lodged in relation to participation (cases accepted/rejected/resolved)

d) Number of representatives/members from IPs, community forests/associations, local communities and other vulnerable groups involved in REDD+ process in each intervention area

e) If applicable, number of FPIC processes followed (FPIC granted, FPIC withheld -resulting in intervention not going ahead)

Safeguard E

Types of information to be provided for Safeguard E

Qualitative
a) Information on how the implementation of REDD+ interventions have impacted natural forests and/or biodiversity if at all and to the extent possible (loss or gain in biodiversity).

b) Description of how the implementation of each REDD+ intervention has not resulted in the conversion of natural forests

c) Description of whether and how the projected socio-cultural, economic and environmental benefits of the REDD+ interventions were realised following implementation

d) Description of how benefit sharing arrangements functioned in practice

Quantative
a. Information on the country’s natural forest cover before and after REDD+ implementation (e.g. forest inventory, land cover change map of REDD+ interventions sites, confirming no conversion of natural forests to plantations and other land uses has taken place)

b. Statistics on jobs or businesses created, improved incomes, access to social services etc.,

Safeguard F & G

Types of information to be provided for Safeguard F & G

a. Description of how measures to reduce the risk of reversals were implemented

b. Description of how measures to reduce the risk of displacement were implemented

c. Emission reductions reduced/captured from REDD+ intervention implementation

d. Rates of deforestation in neighbouring areas before and after the REDD+ intervention implementation